The term is used by postmen in the United Kingdom to describe street numbering which proceeds serially in one direction then turns back in the other.
History of the Greek alphabet Greek alphabet on an ancient black figure vessel. The code language used in The Montmaray Journals, Kernetin, is written boustrophedonically. Other examples A modern example of boustrophedonics is the numbering scheme of sections within history of boustrophedon writing a letter townships in the United States and Canada.
In art history, it additionally means that you read from bottom left in a series of pictures; as in the stained glass windows at Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.
A system of writing that could be understood by almost everyone may even have helped Greece become a democracy! From the Eastern Greek alphabet, they borrowed Y and Zwhich were added to the end of the alphabet because the only time they were used was to write Greek words.
The term is used by postmen in the United Kingdom to describe street numbering which proceeds serially in one direction then turns back in the other. The Hittites were also known to write like this, and they were around as much as years earlier.
Rather than going left-to-right as in modern English, or right-to-left as in Arabic and Hebrew, alternate lines in boustrophedon must be read in opposite directions.
However, unlike Egyptian hieroglyphs with their numerous ideograms and logograms which show an easy directionality, the lineal direction of the text in hieroglyphic Luwian is harder to see. Almost as if by prearrangement, all of the alphabetic scripts west of Syria seem to have been derived, directly or indirectly, from the Canaanite alphabet, whereas the hundreds of alphabetic writings of the East apparently have sprung from the offshoots of the Aramaic alphabet.
Sometimes computer printers with a typewriter-like moving type head print boustrophedon text if set up wrongly. About twelve of the tablets have the signs set out in alphabetic order.
The Early Canaanite theory is based on several undeciphered inscriptions also discovered since at various Palestinian sites; the writings belong in part to c.
Egyptian writingcuneiformCretan, hieroglyphic Hittite, the Cypriot syllabaryand other scripts have all been called prototypes of the alphabet.
How and why writing systems change, pp. The Early Hebrew alphabet had already begun to acquire its distinctive character by the 11th century bce. It is a combination of Cornish and Latin and is used for secret communication.
The Hieroglyphic Luwian is read boustrophedon, with the direction of any individual line pointing into the front[ meaning ambiguous: In default of other direct evidence, it is reasonable to suppose that the actual prototype of the alphabet was not very different from the writing of the earliest North Semitic inscriptions now extantwhich belong to the last two or three centuries of the 2nd millennium bce.
Paragrams, punctuation, and system in ancient Roman script. It was used officially until the 6th century bce and lingered on for several centuries more. If space can be used more effectively, the next paragraph would continue in the opposite direction.
The term Early Hebrew is used to distinguish this branch from the later so-called Square Hebrew. Public Land Survey System, Section 1 of a township is in the northeast corner, and the numbering proceeds boustrophedonically until Section 36 is reached in the southeast corner.
The letter sequence continued more or less intact into Latin, ArmenianGothicand Cyrillicbut was abandoned in BrahmiRunicand Arabic, although a traditional abjadi order remains or was re-introduced as an alternative in the latter. Inscriptions from the 6th and later centuries are more numerous; the increase reflects the rapid spread of the Aramaic alphabet throughout the Middle East.
The Carolingian script was the basis for blackletter and humanist. Similarly, the idea that cuneiform was the precursor of the alphabet may also be subdivided into those singling out Sumerian, Babylonian, or Assyrian cuneiform. By analogythe term may be used in other areas to describe this kind of alternation of motion or writing.
By the 5th century BCE, Greek writing settled into the same pattern we use today. Public Land Survey SystemSection 1 of a township is in the northeast corner, and the numbering proceeds boustrophedonically until Section 36 is reached in the southeast corner.
Theories explaining diffusion There is no complete agreement among scholars as to how or why certain alphabets have come to dominate much of the world.
The first was the step taken by a group of Semitic-speaking people, perhaps the Phoenicians, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean between and bce. On the whole, the direct and indirect descendants of the Aramaic alphabet can be divided into two main groups: Rongorongo shares many characteristics with other Polynesian languages groups.
As a result, an alphabet developed with four main branches:The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing •the alphabet is everywhere you look in modern Western life – which makes it hard to remember that it was – early Greek writing: boustrophedon – because of the dominance of right-handed people.
In that case, while the print head moves in opposite directions on alternate lines, the printed text is usually not in boustrophedon format.
The Hungarian folklorist Gyula Sebestyén (–) writes that ancient boustrophedon writing resembles how the Hungarian rovás-sticks of old Hungarian writing were made by shepherds. The notcher holds the wooden stick in his left hand, cutting the letters with his right hand.
Boustrophedon is a reading- / writing- style that alternates direction every line, and is written with mirrored letters on the 'backward' lines.
With a little practice, reading (and writing) can go much faster, as the eye (or hand) does not have to whip back to the margin when the end of a line is reached. A Brief History. Boustrophedon is a kind of bi-directional text, mostly seen in ancient manuscripts and other inscriptions.
Every other line of writing is flipped or reversed, with reversed letters. Many Greek letters are similar to Phoenician, except the letter direction is reversed or changed, which can be the result of historical changes from right-to-left writing to boustrophedon to left-to-right writing.
Boustrophedon, the writing of alternate lines in opposite directions, one line from left to right and the next from right to left. Some Etruscan texts are written in boustrophedon style, as are some Greek ones of about the 6th century bc.Download